Special Issue on Fire Safety of Electrified Vehicles: Past, Present, and Future
Electrified vehicles (EVs) have higher energy efficiency and have the potential to reduce both petroleum dependence and emissions of greenhouse gases. Along with the rapid development since the 1990s, the growth of EVs is expected to continue worldwide in the next few decades in terms of both technology and sale. Broadly, any road-, rail-, sea-, or air-based vehicle that is at least partially powered by electricity falls into the category of EVs. So far, for electric road transportation, there are three main types: battery electric vehicles (BEVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). With the recent advancements in battery technology, BEVs take a dominant role in the EV market. Among those commercially available rechargeable battery techniques, lithium-ion batteries are the most widely used devices for electrochemical energy storage because of their significant advantages in terms of specific energy and energy density. Besides that, lead-acid batteries and nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries are also commonly used. Moreover, there are new battery concepts covering a range of material and technology diversities being developed, such as Li metal batteries, metal-air batteries, solid-state batteries (SSBs), emerging battery pack designs, etc. However, compared to the internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), which have been continuously developed and used over the past century, EVs are still far from mature, especially regarding their perceived fire safety.
Thermal safety issues of battery systems in EVs are often criticized as the leading cause of fatal fire accidents in recent years. Some research has been performed to study the mechanisms of battery thermal runaway and the fire phenomena, hazards, and risks either experimentally or through theoretical modeling. To improve the fire safety of EVs, researchers are making strenuous efforts to develop and optimize thermal safety management systems for controlling the battery pack within safe working conditions. In the meantime, many prediction and detection methods/techniques are being developed to couple with battery thermal management systems to enhance the capability of early warning and protection before thermal runaway. There are also other efforts on engineering methods to reduce the occurrence and mitigate the consequences of battery thermal runaways and related fire incidents. This special issue focuses on EVs’ latest progress in fire safety related to thermal runaways, their recent advancement in control strategies, and emerging technologies for future development. It solicits high-quality original research and review articles from relevant areas to present the latest evolution and potential research applications. This special issue provides an excellent opportunity for industry and academia to present new findings, stimulate more in-depth collaboration, and close the gaps between research and application in the target area. All original papers related to the fire safety of EVs and their control strategies are welcome.
Potential topics include but are not limited to:
- Thermal runaway and fire behaviors of EVs
- Advancement in modeling and simulations of thermal runaway in EVs’ battery
- New development of materials in EVs’ batteries to improve fire safety
- Hardware design and optimization to improve the fire safety of EVs
- Risk assessment of thermal runaway and fire of EVs’ battery
- New development and optimization in EVs’ thermal safety management strategies
- Prediction and detection methods/techniques of thermal runaway and fire in EVs
- Fire protection strategies for incidents involving EVs’ battery hazard
- Advancement in emergency response to fire incidents involving EVs’ battery hazard
***Should be an industry or public sector professional, or academic with an interest in one or more of fields listed on the site.
For more information, please contact the Guest Editors:
Dr. Ruiqing “Ryan” Shen
Marshall University, USA
Dr. Qingsheng Samuel Wang
Texas A&M University, USA
Deadline to submit manuscripts for consideration: August 31, 2023
Please submit your article at https://www.editorialmanager.com/saejaltpowrtrain and include a submission note in Editorial Manager to indicate that it is for this special issue.
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